專題研究報告

Sunday, November 05, 2006

Pornography is overflowing in Taiwan

Yu-Ting (Mandy) Huang

Wenzao Ursuline College of Languages



Abstract
The pornographic information in Taiwan includes two major sources: one is from the X-rated movies and another is from pornographic ads. Although they show up in different kinds of ways, both of them have already affected Taiwanese people’s cognition in relationship, especially for young people. Those X-rated movies (we called them as “A-movie”) not only represent a kind of dehumanized sex but also include a lot of violent sex. Besides, there are many advertisements use women’s bodies as their selling points in our daily life and we consumers do not notice they already become part of our cognition subconsciously. No matter X-rated movies or pornographic ads, both of them view women’s bodies as sex objects or commodities. So those appearances of things can be concluded as inequality between males and females.

Purpose Statement
Here, pornography will be analyzed in a critical position and in the view of feminists’. The liberation of women’s bodies come along with the freedom of speech, the showing of women’s bodies become a main stream in showbiz. It recreates the standard of beauty: A sexy women is supposed to be chesty and well-formed. Also it promotes the rise of beauty salons indirectly. Here, we have to rethink: is it a real liberation? Or a new restriction? Secondly, owing to the overflowing X-rated movies which show up with the convenience of websites, these movies from Japan and America mislead young people’s cognition about sex, especially the violence in sex is implying dehumanized sex.

Review of the Literature
My search of the literature provides me a short list of articles. Pamela P (2005) has discussed how American society combines pornography with marketing skills into a kind of fashion and Taiwan society always follows this tide. Kweipo H (2005) shows many cases between the freedom of pornography and the freedom of speech in criminal law 325. Chung-Rui He (1996) talks about after the lifting of the martial law, freedom does not apply to sexual speech or sexual expressions. Dine, Gail, Robert and Ann ( 1998 ) criticize the way our TV commercials treat women’s image and bodies in feminist’s viewpoints. Routledge (1997) refers to under the background of paternity system, how do both gender see women’s bodys and the inequality exists between males and females.


Description of my research methods
Use the way of questionnaire to understand why people consume pornography and what kinds of people addictive to it. Is it necessary for male people and what kinds of negative effects may be caused? And how does it misguide young people in relationship? How does it hurt women’s values? These problems will help me to understand the connection between people’s relationship and pornography.

Results
The results of the questionnaires will be analyzed and made into charts in order to discover what role pornography plays in our society and help people to make a self-examination and collect their thoughts.

References
1. The Women’s Ministry Committee. The Erotogenic Women Bodys in Our daily Life, by Xiao-Dan Wang. Retrived March5, 2006, http://www.pct.org.tw/women/lus339_2.htm
2. Cyber- Pornographic industrial : Freedom or corruction? http://www.core.tku.edu.tw/Activities/92Meeting1/home.htm
3. http://mail.nhu.edu.tw/~society/e-j/50/50-18.htm 4. Gender/Sexuality Rights Association Taiwan http://www.cyberbees.org/blog/archives/001111.html
5. Pamela P (2005, August 11). Pornified: How pornography is Transforming Our Lives, Our Relationship, and Our Families. New York: Holt & Comp
6. Kweipo H, (2005, October 25). The Freedom of Pornography Is like The Freedom of Speech. China Newspaper, p c18.
7. Chung-Rui He (1996) : Pornography and female transformation, Chung-Wai Literary Monthly, 25(4):6-37
8. Dine, Gail, Robert Jensen and Ann Russo. (1998) Pornography: The pornography and Consumption of Inequality.inc.
9. Routledge, 1997.Mclntosh, Mary, ed. Sex Exposed: Sexuality and the Pornography Debate. Teacher University Press, 1993.

Tuesday, October 17, 2006

Topic :
Pornography is overflowing in Taiwan
Keywords :
sexual expression,
sexual liberation,
sex subject / sex object,
crackdown on sex industry ads,
commodofication,
inequality between males and females,
intercourse,
softcore,
subordination,
relationship pattern,
dehumanized sex.

Questions :
1. What kinds of people consume pornography? Why?
2. What do males see from pornography? Are there more females addictive to it?
3. How do it affect teenagers’ cognition in the future relationship?
4. What impact is brought to this society and how does it change the traditional value?
5. Is the liberation of women's bodies really a kind of liberation? Or it makes more restrictions
for women?

Preliminary :
Since the change of our society and the freedom of speech, pornography has become the main stream in showbiz. The profit-seeking ads create a new relationship pattern and they make pornographic information penetrate our pop culture and part of our thinkings subconsciously.

Outline :
1. The definition of pornography :
a. Dehumanized sex. ( In terms of X-rated movies.)
b. Subordination of Woman to Man. (In terms of pornographic ads.)

2. The consciousness of pornography :
a. Women are sexual objects.
b. Normal men are erotic.
c. Sex is necessary in relationship and it does not need to belimited by morality.

3. The influence of overabundant pornography :
a. Personally----
(1) It distorts the image of relationship and the relationshipitself.
(2) It encourages the unnecessary illusion about sex and peeping.
(3) It makes the possibility to addict to sex.
b. Socially-----
(1) It leads to the sexual liberation and complicated relationship.
(2) It shakes the foundation of family value.
(3) It encourages Epicureanism.
(4) It supports the inequality of men and women.

4. How to face the pornographic culture :
To reflect the reasons why it is so overabundant and have a correct attitude toward sex and women's bodies. After all, love is more than sex and sex is more than intercourse, in addition,
we should have critical thinking on the standard of female beauty and avoid beind trapped by ads.

Thesis :
No matter female or male, we both are the victims of this sensational climate. The overflowing pornography is a problem that calls for immediate solution or it will be detrimental to people’scognition in relationship and further the inequality between men and women. If we are a civilized and cultural society, we can not allow women's right being abused and men's nature being imbecile.

References :
Book resources :
1. Pamela P (2005, August 11). Pornified: How pornography is Transforming Our Lives, Our Relationship, and Our Families. New York: Holt & Comp

This book introduces how American society combines pornography with marketing skills into a kind of fashion. Through many surveys and interviews, this book shows many demonstrations and experiences in person about that both males and females consume pornography in different level. It was written in the perspective of why people need pornography and discusses why American people need to rethink the way they view pornography.

2. Kweipo H, (2005, October 25). The Freedom of Pornography Is like The Freedom of Speech. China Newspaper, p c18.

This book discusses the conflicts between the freedom of pornography and the freedom of speech in criminal law 325.

3. Chung-Rui He (1996) : Pornography and female transformation, Chung-Wai Literary Monthly, 25(4):6-37

Taiwan has seen a period of dramatic transformation in the 1980s when extra-marital affairs became obvious and love motels are established on every corner in the city, not to mention a host of other emergent sexual phenomena. But nobody put a name on it; people only worried abou it. It was the sex radicals like me who first called it a sex revolution and proposed liberatory directions for it. Is the society freer after the lifting of the martial law? Well, yes and no. Yes, because there is now more freedom of speech. But no, because that freedom does not apply to sexual speech or sexual expressions. In fact, there are now more laws regulating people’s sexual expression than any time in the history of Taiwan.

4. Dine, Gail, Robert Jensen and Ann Russo. (1998) Pornography: The pornography and Consumption of Inequality.inc.
5. Routledge, 1997.Mclntosh, Mary, ed. Sex Exposed: Sexuality and the Pornography Debate. Teacher University Press, 1993.

From the viewpoint of commerce and men, women’s bodies are already cut into commodities satisfied by men. The two books refer to under the background of paternity system, how do men and women see women’s bodies. The value “ women are supposed to be beautiful and sexy with obvious sex characters.”already exists in women’s cognition. Women are suffering this inequality without knowing.

Internet resources :
1. The Women’s Ministry Committee. The Erotogenic Women Bodys in Our daily Life, by
Xiao-Dan Wang. Retrived March5, 2006, from http://www.pct.org.tw/women/lus339_2.htm

2. Cyber- Pornographic industrial : Freedom or

3. http://mail.nhu.edu.tw/~society/e-j/50/50-18.htm

4. Gender/Sexuality Rights Association Taiwan
http://www.cyberbees.org/blog/archives/001111.html

These websites discuss the violence in those X-rated movies and the role those pornographic movies have for male teenagers.